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Property developer MQDC is bringing the concept of the sustainable smart city to Thailand with its WHIZDOM 101 complex in urban Bangkok. This mixed-use development balances work, home and a social “third place” to help residents lead healthier, more fulfilling lives. Using Building Information Modelling (BIM) technologies to achieve its ambitious goals for sustainability and livability, the award-winning project also inspired local Thai designers, engineers, builders and suppliers to modernise and adopt digital construction processes.
Bangkok, Thailand is one of the most visited places in the world, with amazing food and culture, tourist-friendly markets and palaces, great shopping and booming nightlife. But – as is true of life in other big cities – its residents also deal with issues of social isolation, lack of access to green spaces and other urban woes.
Magnolia Quality Development Corporation (MQDC), a Thailand-based property developer, recognises that potential home buyers might want more than just a building complex and created an integrated 17-acre campus called WHIZDOM 101. The company calls this venture The Great Good Place, after sociologist Ray Oldenburg’s 1989 book, which posits that to live well, a balance between home life, the workplace and sociable “third places” to build community is crucial. WHIZDOM 101 is a sustainable smart city within a large metropolis designed to help residents lead more efficient, healthier and more fulfilling lives through innovation and technology.
“Before we start a project, we normally take a year or two to study what would benefit the people around the project,” says MQDC’s President Khun Suttha Ruengchaipaiboon, a civil engineer with more than 26 years of experience in property projects in the United States and Asia. “People – we call them that ‘new generation’ – we interview them and we find out about things like what they enjoy doing during their free time.”
A 2017 Autodesk AEC Excellence Award (US site) winner for sustainable design, the WHIZDOM 101 project is geared towards younger city-dwelling professionals and emphasises values of health, the environment and social responsibility. The campus, set to open in mid-2018, will contain a jogging track, bike track, library and green space, along with a street lined with businesses and restaurants. It offers an improved outdoor microclimate through strategic use of trees and plants and an indoor controlled climate, managed through both passive and intelligent active systems. The smart systems control room conditions, lighting quality, carbon-dioxide levels and real-time energy consumption. Residents can use an app to adjust home cooling and heating, pay utilities and even order food delivery in a single platform.
To fill the need for a third place, the design emphasises outdoor spaces to relax with friends, go shopping and enjoy nature. Designed with more than just humans in mind, MQDC’s green space will host an entire healthy ecosystem to draw in more birds and animals.
“‘Smart city’ has a lot of meanings,” Ruengchaipaiboon says. “But for us, it’s a smart city for the community – for the people. We call it a ‘smart community'.” One ingenious way that WHIZDOM 101 brings together smart technology and community is through the energy- and data-collecting floor tiles at the entrance to its campus. The tiles convert kinetic energy from human footsteps into low-voltage electricity, which can be stored and used to power LED lighting, wayfinding solutions and mobile-device chargers. “When [visitors] come into our project, they are creating alternative energy with us,” he explains.
According to Ruengchaipaiboon, one of MQDC’s core values is to make every project sustainable using innovative technology. It calls this approach “sustainovation”, for sustainable innovation. “As developers, we’re well aware that we can create a positive or negative impact on this world,” Ruengchaipaiboon says. “So we ensure that each project has minimal impact on the environment, society and people at large.”
To reduce that net environmental impact, the firm uses fewer construction materials while opting for eco-friendly building materials and methods. The WHIZDOM 101 apartment tower, for example, is strategically positioned to allow for better natural airflow and light and less heat from the sun, increasing energy efficiency. Ruengchaipaiboon says that “if we can position the tower to draw in the natural light and wind, people will use less energy, including less air conditioning".
To attain LEED Gold-certification standards, MQDC implements energy- and resource-saving measures. “We have to reduce energy use by 30 per cent,” Ruengchaipaiboon says. “We also must target to reduce water usage by 40 per cent. We do this by collecting and re-using water on-site and we have the goal to reduce CO2 emissions by 15,000 tonnes every year, which is about 30 per cent, comparable to a project about one-tenth the size of ours.”
MQDC balances environmental concerns with a people-centred design approach that promotes residents’ health and well-being. For example, the apartments feature a ventilation system called ERV or energy recovery ventilation. ERV works while you sleep, drawing carbon dioxide out of the room and replacing it with fresh air from outside. “You get better oxygen while you’re sleeping and you’re rested when you wake up as a result,” Ruengchaipaiboon says.
MQDC has made serious investments in technologies that modernise design and construction and has been working with local designers, engineers, consultants, builders and suppliers to re-engineer those traditional processes. Case in point: At the start of the project six years ago, those stakeholders weren’t equipped for BIM (Building Information Modelling) and were concerned that adopting the process would add more time and cost.
“I’d been using BIM for the past 20 years before coming here to MQDC,” Ruengchaipaiboon says. “I said, okay, we’re not going to use BIM 100 per cent on day one. We asked the team to participate in a few projects using BIM to get started. My goal was that they would see the benefits very quickly and it turned out to be true.”
The team introduced BIM technology gradually, starting with architects and structural engineers using Revit to develop and co-ordinate the designs. This success extended to working with the contractor and supplier during preconstruction, which helped reduce change orders and material cost.
“In the construction industry, construction sites around the world generate about 15 to 30 per cent waste material,” Ruengchaipaiboon says. “By using the BIM process in our development, we can reduce waste by up to 15 per cent, so that saves a lot of energy, saves a lot of material.”
Each step in the construction process has been photographed and implemented into a BIM 360 (US site) model, so all pipes, electric, walls and every position of every part are accounted for. At the close of the project, the BIM as-built model will be handed over to the property managers, so instead of a 2D drawing, they’ll have a 3D model to maintain the site.
Looking ahead, MQDC is researching a project that will cater to multiple generations. Ruengchaipaiboon says creating mixed-use communities to improve the quality of life is a growing trend for MQDC.
These smart communities could give people more opportunities to spend time outdoors, interacting with nature and their peers. Social interaction is key to a city’s vibrancy and sustainovation is setting the stage for more great, good places across Thailand.