Unity – An entire garden is cohesive or in-line with a specific theme. It may also include repetition of common elements.
Balance – Symmetrical balance is often used in formal landscapes where each side of the garden is the same and mirrors the other. Asymmetrical balance is known as “informal balance” and more unconstrained.
Proportion – The scale and balance of sizing for the overall design.
Focalisation – A focal point where the viewer’s attention will be drawn.
Sequence – Transition of elements that creates a gradual and appealing change.
Emphasis – Highlighting of elements to provide visual interest.